No Basis for Alternative Service Without Attempting Personal Service First

CPLR 308(5) provides that the Court may authorize an alternative form of service when the methods set forth in subsection (1), (2), and (4) are impracticable.  This requirement is illustrated in the recent decision of Suber v. Churchill Owners Corp., 2022 N.Y. Slip. Op. 32990(U) (N.Y. Sup. Ct. Sept. 7, 2022), where plaintiff filed a motion to serve certain defendants through email or social media.  The Court rejected the motion, concluding that plaintiff failed to provide any support that she engaged in prior attempts of personal service… Read more

Kicked Out of Federal Court: How Stateless Citizens Fall Outside of Diversity of Citizenship

Diversity of citizenship under 28 U.S.C. § 1332 is one way for parties to obtain entry into federal court.  When the case in controversy exceeds $75,000, federal courts have jurisdiction if the action is between “citizens of different States,” 28 U.S.C. § 1332(a)(1), or between “citizens of a State and citizens and or subjects of a foreign state,” 28 U.S.C. § 1332(a)(2).  In Jane Doe v. Grace Baptist Church, 2022 WL 1490486 (N.D.N.Y. May 11, 2022), the Northern District of New York addressed the application of these provisions to a party with dual citizenship in the U.S. and Greece and found that the court lacked subject matter jurisdiction… Read more