Claims Against International Cargo Broker Preempted by Montreal Convention

In A.S.A.P Logistics, Ltd. v. UPS Supply Chain Solutions, Inc., 20-CV-4553 (E.D.N.Y. Sep. 19, 2022), the court dismissed breach of contract and tort claims as preempted by the Montreal Convention… Read more

SDNY Awards Rule 11 Sanctions for Complaint over Speculative Allegations

In (RC) 2 Pharma Connect, LLC v. Mission Pharmacal Co., 1:21-cv-11096 (S.D.N.Y. Sep. 14, 2022), the district court imposed Rule 11 sanctions against plaintiff for filing pleadings based on speculative allegations of breaches of contract… Read more

Extrinsic evidence is inadmissible to contradict unambiguous contract terms; a party cannot anticipatorily breach a contract obligation that does not exist

In Art Works Inc. v. Al-Hadid, Index No. 651267/2021 (N.Y. Sup. Ct., N.Y. County, May 10 2022), the New York Supreme Court held that a consignment agreement did not give an art gallery an ownership interest in an artist’s consigned work. The court also held that a party’s insistence on agreement to terms for a mediation did not constitute anticipatory breach of the contract’s mediation provision… Read more

Court Vacates Injunction Because Pre-Litigation Threats to Use Court Constitutes Unclean Hands

As illustrated in Eagle Advance, LLC v. Relik, 2022 NY Slip Op. 33006(U) (N.Y. Sup. Ct. Nassau Cnty 2022), injunctive relief is an equitable remedy – one that may be denied based on the movant’s unconscionable conduct… Read more

Alternative Form of Service Using Cryptocurrency Approved by Commercial Division

As a matter of first impression, the Commercial Division of the New York Supreme Court in LCX AG v. 1.274M U.S. Dollar Coin, 2022 WL 3585277 (N.Y. Sup. Ct. Aug. 21, 2022), authorized defendants to be served through an alternative form of service using cryptocurrency… Read more

Recent Second Circuit Decision Reminds Parties to Strictly Comply with ERISA’s Claims Procedure

The Second Circuit’s recent decision in McQuillin v. Hartford Life Insurance and Accident Ins. Co., 35 F.4th 416 (2d Cir. 2022), serves as a reminder that plan administrators are required to comply strictly with the claims procedure regulations set forth at ERISA § 503 and 29 C.F.R. § 2560.503-1… Read more

No Basis for Alternative Service Without Attempting Personal Service First

CPLR 308(5) provides that the Court may authorize an alternative form of service when the methods set forth in subsection (1), (2), and (4) are impracticable.  This requirement is illustrated in the recent decision of Suber v. Churchill Owners Corp., 2022 N.Y. Slip. Op. 32990(U) (N.Y. Sup. Ct. Sept. 7, 2022), where plaintiff filed a motion to serve certain defendants through email or social media.  The Court rejected the motion, concluding that plaintiff failed to provide any support that she engaged in prior attempts of personal service… Read more

Online Reviews that Lowered Business’s Star Rating Were “Devious” But Not “Disparaging”

In SA Luxury Expeditions, LLC v. Schleien, 22-CV-3825 (S.D.N.Y. Aug. 29, 2022), the court held that fake Trust Pilot reviews that reduced plaintiff’s overall star rating but were not explicitly negative did not constitute “disparaging” remarks as defined by a prior settlement agreement between the parties… Read more

Kicked Out of Federal Court: How Stateless Citizens Fall Outside of Diversity of Citizenship

Diversity of citizenship under 28 U.S.C. § 1332 is one way for parties to obtain entry into federal court.  When the case in controversy exceeds $75,000, federal courts have jurisdiction if the action is between “citizens of different States,” 28 U.S.C. § 1332(a)(1), or between “citizens of a State and citizens and or subjects of a foreign state,” 28 U.S.C. § 1332(a)(2).  In Jane Doe v. Grace Baptist Church, 2022 WL 1490486 (N.D.N.Y. May 11, 2022), the Northern District of New York addressed the application of these provisions to a party with dual citizenship in the U.S. and Greece and found that the court lacked subject matter jurisdiction… Read more

Delaware Chancery Shifts $75 Million Contingent Attorneys’ Fee to Losing Party in Litigation over Busted Merger

In The Williams Companies, Inc. v. Energy Transfer LP,  C.A. No. 12168 & 12337, 2022 WL 3650176 (Del. Ch. Aug. 25, 2022), the court held that the fee shifting provision in the parties’ merger agreement permitted plaintiff’s counsel to add its contingent fee to its client’s liquidated damages award in litigation over a busted merger… Read more